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Common Terms

Glossary of Swimming Terms

 

Consideration or Qualification Time The slowest entry time for a particular event that the organisers of a gala will consider.
DQ or Disc Abbreviation for disqualified on results sheets and time cards
Drill A particular way of swimming during training. Designed to improve technique.
Entry Time The time submitted by the club for a swimmer being entered in a gala. If entries are made well in advance, the entry time may not be the swimmers current personal best.
False Start When, in a competition, a competitor dives or falls into the water before the starting signal is given. When this happens, the starter may re-call the swimmers in extenuating circumstances, but usually it is one strike and you're out.
Form Stroke One of the three strokes having specific requirements. (ie 200m, Breaststroke, Butterfly or Backstroke). Freestyle is not a Form Stroke but is used for distance events, such as 200/400/800 or 1500m depending on the swimmers age and sex.
Heat Declared Winner (HDW) When no final is swum and the winner is declared on the times swum in the heats.
Individual Medley (I.M) The competitor swims all four strokes in the following order:- butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle.
Kick Swimming without the use of arms (by use of Kickboard/Float). Used in training to strengthen legs and improve "kick" technique for racing purposes.
Licensed Meets This term has now replaced "designated meets". These are the only meets via which you can qualify for national competitions.
Long Course Events held in a 50m pool.
Lower Qualification Time (LQT) The slowest entry time for a particular event that the organisers of a gala will consider.
Medley Relay Four swimmers each swim a different stroke. The order is always backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle.
PB A swimmers personal best time for a given event.
Pull Swimming without the use of legs (by use of Pullbuoy). Used in training to strengthen arms and improve "arm" technique for racing purposes. 
Upper Qualification Time (QT) The fastest entry time for a particular event that the organisers of a gala will consider.
Short Course Events held in a 25m pool.
Squadron Relay Usually the last race of a gala. A freestyle relay consisting of one swimmer from each age group or one swimmer of each sex from each age group. 

Awards

 
                         County 1                               asa1